Yalavarthi Naveen Babu (29 May 1964 - 18 February 2000), or simply Naveen, was a Naxalite leader in India.
Yalavarthi Naveen Babu was born on 29 May 1964 in Guddikayalanka village, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India. His family were small farmers of middle caste. Naveen studied at Babu Jagjivan Ram College, Hyderabad, where he obtained a B.Sc.
He moved to Meerut University in 1984, where he started studying for his MA in Sociology in 1984. In 1986 he transferred to Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, gaining an MA in 1988 and starting to study for a PhD. The Delhi Radical Students Organisation (DRSO) was formed in 1986, and Naveen joined this group in 1988. The DRSO was part of the Radical Students Union.
In 1990, Naveen represented the DRSO in the national All India Revolutionary Students Federation, and became editor of its magazine Kalam.
In the early 1990s Naveen abandoned his studies and joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) as a full-time activist in the People's War Group (PWG). He quickly moved up through the ranks to the Central Committee.
The Coordination Committee of Struggles of Nationalities and Democratic Movements was formed as a result of this seminar, bringing together revolutionaries from different South Asian countries.
Naveen was killed on 18 February 2000 in a village near Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
He died in a firefight with police. In September 2008 his M.Phil dissertation was published as a book "From Varna to Jati". The book discusses the political economy of caste, tracing the evolution of the system in economic and socio-cultural terms.
It has been described as "a modest but significant interdisciplinary contribution to Indian Marxist historiography, sociology and political economy".