Friday, May 24, 2013

Nepal: CPN-Maoist: Marching Ahead by Rishi Raj Baral

Baral NP

Picture Rishi Raj Baral

The seizure of power by armed force, the settlement of the issue by war, is the central task and the highest form of revolution. This Marxist-Leninist principle of revolution holds good universally, for China and for all other countries. …Without a People’s army, the people have nothing.
   Mao tse-tung

During the two line struggle, the Revolutionary faction within CPN (Maoist) led by Com Kiran intensified the struggle against the Prachand-Baburam faction that betrayed the Nepalese revolution, and raised the flag of revolt through the National Convention which was held from June 16 to 18, 2012, and reorganized the Party as  the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist .

Concentrating on the document presented by Comrade Kiran , Let’s Forward the Revolution by Waging Ideological Struggle against Neo-Revisionism, the National Convention adopted  Marxism–Leninism and Maoism as party’s guiding principle and  resolved  to accomplish the Nepalese New Democratic Revolution by basing itself on the continuation of the achievements and values of ten-year People’s War. The document has mentioned:
There are two major tasks of new democratic revolution of Nepal– establishment of democracy and safeguarding of national sovereignty. These should be completed in same period of the revolution. Theoretically it is clear that we should move ahead towards People’s revolt on the foundation of People’s War to complete New Democratic Revolution in Nepal.
The party, exposing neo-revisionism, intensified the campaign country-wide of ideological, political and organizational consolidation. The party gave emphasis on the need and justifiability of new democratic revolution based on Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, and decided on the concrete strategy of forwarding the policy and program of joint front and functional unity on the basis of common agreement and necessity. During the time, the party decided to complete the Seventh Convention of Nepal Communist Party-Maoist, which had remained due to the last twenty-one years.
The Seventh Convention that ran from January 9 to 15, 2013, consisted of more than 2000 delegates and observers, representing from inside the country and abroad. The fraternal parties   both in and outside the defunct RIM  and other friendly parties had expressed Internationalist Proletarian Solidarity to the Convention by sending either their representatives or greeting message.

The Convention  continued  for seven days, and it passed several important resolutions concerned to the national and international issues, the form of existing  imperialism, the review of the history, the major contradiction of the Nepalese society,  the ideological and political line of the Nepalese revolution and the formation of the PLA.
The Convention decided that the American imperialism, which is terrorizing the world by way of globalization, on the one hand, and of military fascism, on the other, is the main enemy of the world proletariat now, in spite of the fact that it appears to have been weakened economically in the later days. The Convention also decided to study the complexities within the “Revolutionary International Movement (RIM),” which had played an important role to promote the world proletariat movement in the past, and play a role to forward the Movement in a way that suits it to the changed situation.

Representatives of the Congress expressed their opinion also on RCP, USA ‘new synthesis’.  “Going beyond Maoism” was not acceptable, it was denied by the Congress Hall. In fact, we should be firm in standing against the idea that “it was a new dimension in the development of MLM” and trying to impose it as a basis of unity in the ICM.  We must be clear that the efforts to impose different types of ‘synthesis’  has merely bred split in the ICM. New efforts should be done to advance the  ICM in the new way. National Congress stressed that as the leading force of the  Ten Years People’s war, NCP- Maoist should  take initiative to reorganize the  RIM in the new context.

Similarly, the Convention emphasized more on the importance of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism for exposing the revisionism and opportunism in the contemporary world, and also giving a new direction and momentum to the world revolution. The Convention emphasized on the fact that the Nepalese society has been getting transformed from a semi-feudal and semi-colonial stage into a semi-feudal and neo-colonial one, and only the new democratic revolution can resolve its existing internal-conflicts. The document clarified the contradiction related to the Nepalese revolution in this way:

Now the nation has changed from Semi-colonial situation to Neo-colonial situation and as a whole Nepal has become Semi-feudal and Neo-colonial country. In this situation, compradors, operated and directed by Indian expansionism and feudal class have been emerged as class enemies of Nepalese people. It is today’s major contradiction of the Nepalese society.
The National Congress passed the ideological and political line of “People’s Revolt in the foundation of People’s War ”. The Convention declared that the question of capturing the state power by people and continuing its revolutionary nature is the major question, and so there is no alternative for liberating the Nepalese people except the one of seizing the state power by way of armed struggle. The Convention emphasized on ‘“three magical weapons” for the revolution, and decided on the necessary policy, plan and program for the same. The document passed by the Convention contains an article entitled “The Party’s Political Line of Action and the Way of Revolution,” which clarifies all this in 12 points. The concluding point says:

Nepal is in a semi-feudal and neo-colonial condition. Therefore, theoretically speaking, the long-term People’s War itself is the path of Nepalese revolution. Moreover, the possibility of popular revolution also cannot be denied at present specific condition, and it is necessary to pay an equal attention to that.
When the Seventh Convention concluded successfully after passing the resolution of the party line o “People’s Revolt on the Foundation of the People’s War” in the specific condition of Nepalese society, it was natural that it would make all types of opportunisms and the new and old reactionaries in the country and outside, especially the American Imperialism and Indian expansionism, restless. It was also natural that the reactionaries worldwide would unite to counter the revolutionary force and the desire of Nepalese people for liberation, and their commitment for nationality. The formation of the government under the chairmanship of the Chief Justice Khilaraj Regmi was a result of joint conspiracy of the Indian expansionism, the American Imperialism, and European Union including the “four parties.”  In fact, Now the American imperialism, Indian expansionism and their Nepalese comprador parties, like UCPN (Maoist), Nepali Congress, United (ML) and Madhesi  Morcha -alliance of pro- India parties have come out in one place, to spoil the emerging power CPN-Maoist.
Keeping in mind all these conspiracies against national sovereignty and people’s democracy, the party emphasized on the need of forming a joint front and functional unity for forwarding the movement. The party at present has been running a movement against the Khila Raj government, a result of the Imperialism-Expansionism conspiracy, forming a joint front with three parties and a functional unity with 33 parties. Now the number of party and organizations has extended up to 55. Similarly, keeping in mind the spirit of the Seventh Convention, the party has expanded, as per the need, the 51 member central committee into one that consists of 151 members.
 After the expansion of the central committee, its first plenary meeting has been completed from April 16 to 18. It reviewed the party’s activities after the Convention, and also discussed broadly on the possible circumstances. Mainly, quite vigorous discussions occurred regarding the election of the Constitutional Assembly and the ideological and political line taken by the party. Passing the short proposal of the Chairman, Comrade Kiran, the plenary meeting decided to prepare the party for forwarding the line of action and intensifying more the struggle of national sovereignty, exposing at the same time the so-called election of the Constitutional Assembly. The meeting concluded passing a commitment and resolution to not let the banner of the Nepalese revolution fall at any cost.
It has been almost a year since the party broke its relation with Prachanda-Baburam faction. The neo-revisionist group is still scattering different types of rumors and  illusions and even the imperialists are conspiring to degrade this party ideologically by getting it entangled in compromise, and dissolve it by causing it to undergo the factional strife.

It is true that several weaknesses have occurred in our thought and practice. Many challenges and complexities have appeared especially in the organizational side and  implementation of the party line. We have not been able to accelerate the party’s momentum as it should have been done. In spite of this we are firm  in our goal and we are committed to the ideology.

The reality is that the party has been committed firmly to Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the New democratic revolution. We are clear about ‘three magical weapons’ of revolution. What is important is the fact that the party is committed to move ahead identifying several problems and weaknesses that have been handed down to the present. As mentioned in the document, it has become necessary today to struggle against not only empiricism, pragmatism and liberalism but also anarchism and other petty-bourgeois tendencies.

The need of today is to move ahead united and with revolutionary spirit, countering every delusion and conspiracy of enemies. We have in the party a mature team of leadership with a long experience of class struggle, and there exists a group of enthusiastic and powerful young leaders and cadres that has evolved from the People’s War. We have a firm belief that we can move ahead united, adopting the correct ideological and political line.

We must keep in mind the importance of  ‘politics in command’ and seizure of power by the armed force.  At this current stage,  ’4 Preparation’ must be our main focal point, the target. As Comrade Mao tse-tung has pointed out that “the united front and armed struggle are the two basic weapons for defeating the enemy”. We all know “Without a People’s army, the people have nothing”. And  at present, this must be the issue of our main concern. 
May1, 2013

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