The First Great Victory of the International Communist Movement in the XXI Century, in La Voce, n.28, July 2008, pp. 8-11.
We see refusals, hesitations and doubts in saluting and celebrating Nepali democratic revolution also among parties and groups, within circles and by people who call themselves Communists (and maybe they personally and honestly believe to be and try to be like that). Why so? According to the cases, it mainly depends on one or the other of there three reasons, that sometimes combine.
1. After the defeats the communist movement suffered in last 40 years, many communists and other generous people are demoralized and lost their trust in the possibility to establish socialism. The first socialist countries collapsed. Many communist parties degenerated until they vanished or changed their nature. In one way or another, imperialists corrupted or won many successful revolutions ( South Africa , Nicaragua , etc.). Actually, all these defeats were not fated, nor due mainly to imperialists and reactionaries' force.
They were due to the limits of the communists themselves, as we were not able to understand the current social movement sufficiently well, as the conscious and organized movement was not intellectually and morally able to develop a line of action corresponding to the concrete conditions. Those ones who does not yet understand the real reasons of the defeats the communist movement suffered in the second half of the last century, necessarily are still astonished by the defeats and suffers the effects of bourgeois and clerical propaganda that exaggerates them.
Today demoralization and lack of self - confidence prevents many people from rejoicing over communist movement's victories. They fear to face bitter disappointments. However, if we let us be dominated by fear of failure, we will never launch in any enterprise, and nothing new will ever happen. We have to rejoice of our victories and become able to prevent new defeats and conquer new victories. We can do it: Maoism showed us the reasons of past defeats and gave us means for starting a new advance. So we have to start up all what we are able to do for making the victory conquered in Nepal be a step for even greater victories, even if we cannot be sure that Nepali democratic revolution could advance from one victory to another, lead to socialism and merge to the second wave of victorious proletarian revolution. After all, this mainly depends on Nepali Communists and popular masses. Nepali democratic revolution has many enemies within Nepal and out of it. At every step on the revolution will do, they have to fid the right line to be followed, and this line will have to prevail against contestations and misunderstandings that will hinder it within the revolutionary forces and the Communist Party themselves.
Every truth asserts itself little by little, struggling against errors. We understand every new phenomenon only gradually, because we have to overcome rooted prejudices ad habits, and the influence of the old ruling classes can be limited and controlled, but it will completely vanish only when those old classes will vanish. The more we know the risks we run, the more we will avoid them and advance from one victory to another. We never have to get discouraged because of possible defeats.
2. Many Communists, or many people who believe to be or honesty try to be Communist, are hostile to Maoism. Dogmatism is an epidemic still diffused in the communist movement. Many comrades are against the modern revisionism because of the defeats and the decay it brought in the communist movement. They put the fault of the coming of revisionism down to this or that leader. They simply desire to return to the past.
They do not realize that the reasons why the revisionists have been able to impose their stupid and stale theories and to take the leadership of the communist movement are the weak points the communist movement had. It is not enough to deny the stupid and old theories of modern revisionists (Khruschev, Togliatti and Berlinguer, Thorez, Tito, Deng Xiaoping , etc.). Our fathers believed their ruinous theses because they did not have answers fit for the tasks they had to face. (…) Who has found the truths our fathers did not find, has to assert them.
The victory of a Party founded on Marxism Leninism Maoism annoyed dogmatists. Actually, this fact weakens their old certainties, questions their prejudices, shakes their authority but, on the other side, by it they could see new bright horizons. They must ask themselves: "what kind of communist concept is this one that prevents us from joining the celebration of the victories the Nepali Communists got in their country?
3.Finally,there are people in the communist movement who turn up their noses because the revolution ongoing in Nepal is a democratic revolution and therefore does not establish socialism, even if a communist party leads it. They are the reverse of the medal (medal that is the "misunderstanding of the laws of development of modern society that Marxism taught") of those who launch enthusiastic but stupid hurrahs to socialist revolution in Nepal, hiding from themselves and from the public that it is a revolution of new democracy (democratic revolution led by a communist party).
Marxism teaches that, in order to establish socialism, there need determinate objective (practical, material, related to the development of productive forces and to the class composition of the population) conditions and determinate subjective (intellectual, moral, organizational) conditions of the working class. It clearly indicated in detail the ones and the others. Anarchists and Trotskyites do not take account of this Marxist teaching; on the contrary, they openly deny it. Also because of it, in the revolutions of our era, they had no important political role or had a negative role. The followers of economism, in their turn, confuse the struggle for establishing socialism with claiming struggles.
Now, there is no doubt that in Nepal there is a lot of claiming struggles. Therefore, the followers of economism are indignant because the communist party does not establish socialism. Or, on the other hand, they shout hurrah for socialism, even if the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) clearly supports the development of mercantile economy, the alliance among the popular masses on the base of democracy, the pluripartitism, so as it is rightly steady in the struggle against monarchy, caste system, women and national minorities' oppression and other feudal customs, and against Indian and US imperialists' interference. In contemporary society, socialism is the emancipation of people's masses led by the working class from imperialist bourgeoisie and from the other reactionary forces and from every class oppression. In its turn, only workers themselves can do workers' emancipation.
A strong democratic spirit on a wide scale animates Nepali people's masses, but they are still distant from communism. Class contradictions in a modern sense (that is, between bourgeoisie and proletariat) are still little developed among democratic Nepali people's masses. In Nepal , workers are not yet a class clearly distinct from the other classes of people's masses. Even less they are a conscious and organized class, prepared and educated to socialism by an open class struggle against the bourgeoisie and therefore able to take power in their hands and lead the other people's masses to go step by step towards communism. Besides, the present international conditions will not help to carry out such a task. Talking about an immediate establishment of socialism in such conditions would be nonsense or a swindle. Therefore, rightly the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) struggles for drive democratic revolution to success.
The condition for socialist revolution will come only in the context of a successful democratic revolution. The pacific or armed aggressions by imperialists, Nepali bourgeoisie's servile behaviour toward imperialism (that will rapidly develop in the new situation) and the conscious work of Nepali Communist Party (Maoist) will rapidly educate Nepali working class (who itself will rapidly develop in new democratic conditions) to become leading class.
In the imperialist era, the democratic revolution directed by the communist party is not yet the socialist revolution, but opens the way to socialist revolution. This is the ABC of Lenin's teaching. Mao developed in a chapter apart of the communist thought, the chapter of the revolution of new democracy.
Because of all these reasons, we Communists must bring among the popular masses of our country the news and the joy for the victory of democratic revolution in Nepal . Besides, we can and must use what happens in Nepal for strengthening the subjective conditions for socialist revolution in our country.
In fact, thanks the assimilation of Marxism - Leninism - Maoism and its application in revolutionary people's war the thousands trickles of the resistance that people's masses are raising against the advancement of the general crisis of capitalism will flow together in the river of socialist revolution. It will sweep away the present social order with its Pope, it will make Italy a new socialist country and will contribute to the victory and the development of the revolutions of new democracy till the transformation in socialist revolutions.