Adapted from the earlier 1961 film of the same title under the personal direction of Zhou Enlai, which in turn adapted from the novel by Liang Xin, it depicts the liberation of a peasant girl in Hainan Island and her rise in the Chinese Communist Party.
The novel was based on the true stories of the 100+ member strong all-female Special Company of the 2nd Independent Division of Chinese Red Army, first formed in May 1931.
As the communist base in Hainan was destroyed by the nationalists, most of the members of the female detachment survived, partially because they were women and easier to hide among the local populace who were sympathetic to their cause.
After the communist victory in China, the representatives of the surviving members were taken to Beijing and personally inspected and praised by Mao Zedong.
In 2014, LU Yexiang, the last member of red detachment of women, died in Qionghai, Hainan.
THE RED DETACHMENT OF WOMEN IS PART OF WORLD PROLETARIAN CULTURE
THE 1961 FILM - DEMOCRACY AND CLASS STRUGGLE SAYS CULTURAL REVOLUTIONS UNTIL COMMUNISM
THE REVOLUTIONARY IDEAS OF THE RED DETACHMENT OF WOMEN LIVES TODAY IN PROLETARIAN FEMINISM