Thursday, January 17, 2019

Basanta – Bicentenary of Marx and the Proletarian Revolution - debate on military line

                                                                 Comrade Basanta

May 5, 1818 is the day on which Karl Heinrich Marx, the pioneer of Marxism and the leader of the world proletariat, was born. In the coming May 5, 2019 it is going to complete 200 years. Marx and his comrade in arms Frederick Engels invented the doctrine of liberation of the proletariat i.e. Marxism. Even after this long period, the relevance of Marxism has not lessened but has increased further. The revolutionary parties, entire proletariat, working class people and the oppressed masses have been joyfully celebrating Marx’s bicentenary with various programmes all through this year. Our party also is observing this bicentenary in various ways. This article too is a part of this celebration. 

This short article prepared in this context will attempt to touch on the questions like what Marxism is, how a genuine communist should grasp it, what are the challenges the international communist movement is facing now and how one should contend with these challenges etc.

First of all, let us begin with what Marxism is. There are eleven points in the “Theses on Feuerbach” that Marx and Engels have included in their famous work, “The German ideology” prepared in 1845. The eleventh point writes, “The philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways, the point however is to change it.” Based on this proposition, they developed dialectical and historical materialism, the philosophy of liberation of the proletariat. This is the first point.

According to Marx, the value of a commodity is the value of the entire labour necessary to produce it. But while producing a commodity, the capitalist puts a part of labour value in his pocket and gives other part to the worker. The part of labour value the capitalist puts in his pocket is known as surplus value. The essence of capitalism is the exploitation of labour by very surplus value. This is the second point.

The Communist Manifesto drafted by Marx and Engels and published by the Communist League in 1848 writes, “The first step in the revolution by the working class is to raise the proletariat to the position of ruling class to win the battle of democracy.” The inner content of this excerpt is that the proletariat cannot exercise democracy without attaining power and without imposing their dictatorship upon the oppressor class. In other word, the goats are not free if no tigers are contained. This is the third point.

Marx and Engels have said that the proletariat is an internationalist class and they should fight in unison against capitalism all over the world. Right on this basis, they coined a slogan “Workers of all countries, unite!” and placed it in Communist Manifesto. It is based on the principle of proletarian internationalism. This is the fourth point.

Marx, in a letter written to Wedmeyer in 1852, writes, “The existence of classes is only bound up with the particular, historical phases in the development of production, the class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat and this dictatorship itself only constitutes the transition to the abolition of all classes and to a classless society.” It clarifies that the class, class struggle, party and the state power are not perpetual things; they have emerged at a certain condition and eventually they will wither away. This is the fifth point.

After the defeat of the proletariat in Paris Commune, Marx in his letter to Kugelman writes, “I say that the next attempt of the French Revolution will be no longer, as before, to transfer the bureaucratic-military machine from one hand to another, but to smash it and this is the precondition for every real people’s revolution.” What it clearly means is that the proletariat cannot exercise democracy without establishing a state power with its own armed machinery after the reactionary state power sustained by the bureaucratic military machine has been destroyed. This is the sixth point.

The totality of the questions that have been concisely presented in the aforesaid six points is Marxism and it is universally applicable. It is the liberating ideology of the proletariat and the theory that transforms the world. Any minor change in the content of either one of the aforesaid six points, which make Marxism, leads towards deviation from Marxism itself and it becomes the first step towards revisionism. In no condition can a genuine communist compromise in it.

How one should understand Marxism is another important question. Marxism is a unified doctrine of the dialectical materialist philosophy, political economy and scientific socialism that are concisely presented in the aforesaid six points. In order to liberate country and the people from every sort of oppressions, a communist party, a vanguard detachment of the proletariat, decides a general line of revolution on the basis of objective analysis of socio-economic condition, basic contradictions, principal contradiction and power balance of the political forces of the given country and creatively applies it in practice by means of armed people’s revolution. 

The proletarian revolution is such a process that translates the dialectical materialist philosophy and political economy into the practice of scientific socialism. 

On the other, the trend that interprets Marxism in line with its interest and attempts to fit it in its own line is revisionism. One must resolutely and uninterruptedly struggle against revisionism.

The second point, party’s general political programme is related mainly with socio-economic condition or the objective condition of the given society and the military strategy and plans to accomplish revolution are mainly related with the subjective aspect of the revolutionary class. The politico-military line of one country does not fully agree with that of other, because the objective and subjective factors are different. We can see it in the proletarian revolutions accomplished in Russia and China. 

The political lines were different, the stages of revolutions were different and the military lines to attain them were different as well. But, it did not happen so because Russia’s Marxism was one and China’s Marxism was another. It happened so because Marxism was creatively applied in agreement with their respective objective and subjective conditions prevailing in those countries. Right for this reason, Lenin has said, “Marxism is not a dogma but a guide to action.”

The third point, Marxism is a science. It demands its application. Without applying in practice Marxism cannot be defended. Only he is a genuine revolutionary, who creatively implements Marxism to fit in its particular condition. Marxism does not develop as per someone’s wish. But, it develops in the course of its correct implementation in practice. Lenin creatively applied Marxism in the particularity of Russia and the socialist revolution triumphed there. Right in this course, Marxism developed to Marxism-Leninism. Likewise, Mao creatively applied Marxism-Leninism in the particular condition of China and in so doing new democratic revolution succeeded there. 

In addition, he waged Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution against those revisionist leaders who had attained higher posts in party and the government. In this course, not only was the revolution defended and developed but it developed Marxist principle as well. As a result, the world proletariat acquired Marxism-Leninism-Maoism as their ideological weapon. However, one must not make it a general principle that every successful revolution necessarily develops our theory to a qualitatively higher stage. The success of every revolution undoubtedly contributes to quantitative development of Marxism but does not necessarily develop it qualitatively. It is equally true for the days ahead as well. This is the process of defence, application and development of Marxism.

Now let us see where we should concentrate at. There was counter-revolution in China after Mao died in 1976. No communist parties remain in power after this event and no revolution has succeeded then. All of the triumphant revolutions of the past have suffered counter-revolution. Some of the on-going revolutions have suffered serious setbacks; some of them are continuing but they have not developed well either. It is a bitter reality today. 

The cause of counter-revolution is revisionism; there is no ambiguity in it. However, what made the revolutionaries fail to identify revisionism in time and what made them reluctant to defeat revisionism when it was known? Why did not the proletarian revolution advance even in the favourably developing objective condition? These questions demand in-depth assessment. Merely by cursing the revisionists does not solve the problem. Every genuine communist must grasp the fact that the ideological struggle against revisionism should starts from oneself.

As a result of the development of comprador and bureaucratic capitalism and the extensive urbanisation, the social class structure has undergone some changes in the oppressed countries as well. In addition, the network of communication centres brought in by the development of science and technology has spread not only to the notch and corner of the metropolitan cities but also to the remote villages of the under-developed countries. 

No matter the country is developed or underdeveloped; none of them are similar to the erstwhile Russia and China. Evidently, the minimum political programme for the developed countries is scientific socialism and that for the underdeveloped countries is new democracy. 

Regardless of this, the military line to accomplish those revolutions, in the present context, cannot be very set of armed people’s insurrection or the protracted people’s war. 

The development of military line is necessary so as to address the new contradictions that have emerged in the new situation.

Nowadays, a debate has come about on military line in the international communist movement. 

Some of the communist parties working in the developed countries have concluded that the military strategy of protracted people’s war is universal. 

Stepping at the logic that the military line of armed insurrection of Russian model has entangled the communist movement in the repetitive circle of organisation, struggle and suppression and the so-called revolutionary utilisation of parliamentary election has drowned the movement deep into parliamentarianism, then the pursuit of a correct military line aimed at liberating the communist movement from the rightist legacy of the past is very much inspiring. 

Notwithstanding this, the protracted people’s war too, if not updated in agreement with the changes taken place in the social structures and the development of science and technology, cannot push the revolution ahead. 

No genuine communist can escape from this question.

The backbone of protracted people’s war is base area. The task of establishing base areas and sustaining them with a small militant force is almost impossible in the present epoch of information and technology.

How will the protracted people’s war without base area be?

If people’s war is waged without developing a military strategy that answers this question then a danger of the people’s war getting locked in to roving rebel guerrillaism and ultimately the whole revolution getting ambushed cannot be ruled out.

It is equally true for both the developed and oppressed countries.

One must not turn deaf ear to it.

On the other, science and technology has undergone an unprecedented development now. As a result of artificial intelligence and automation, the things that were beyond imagination yesterday have become objective reality today. It is in fact the development of productive forces, which is now confronting with the prevailing capitalist relations of production. The capitalism develops and uses technology to amass super profit out of it, but does not and cannot regulate it. Hence, in the days ahead, it is clear that the crowds of underemployed and unemployed youths is sure to grow all over the world and as a result the contradiction between capital and labour will head towards explosion. It will bring about economic crisis all over the world and ‘illicit’ migration will accelerate. The days ahead will be the days of rebellion in different forms and essence. Its signals can be noticed already on the horizon.

The US imperialism, which has lagged behind in the global competition, is now attempting to re-establish monopoly with a slogan, “Make America great again”. The particularity of the present situation is that the countries like the US and UK, the pioneers of neo-liberalism, have stood in favour of protectionism and China, the follower of state-controlled economy, has become one of the main defenders of neoliberalism. It means, the inter-imperialist contradiction is getting tense from a new axis and the polarisation is rapid. Some political analysts have started saying that this contradiction can ultimately lead to a disastrous Third World War based on nuclear arms. In addition, the contradiction between imperialism and the oppressed nations and people, which is the principal contradiction of the world at present, is also intensifying.

The solution to the world situation portrayed before is the world proletarian revolution and the objective condition is getting favourable for this. Also, the process of getting the Maoist parties organised, though in a sporadic way, is in the rise. It is good for revolution. But, the subjective strength of revolutionaries is very much weak. The ideological unity among the presently existing Maoist parties is not strong enough. They seem to be facing four different directions. It is a big challenge for the revolution to advance.

Second point, the objective condition is becoming favourable to enhance the revolutionary class struggle almost all over the world. Not only this, a small spark of revolutionary class struggle in any country is likely to expand to a wider range soon and then become a prairie fire to challenge imperialism and its running dogs. People are in pursuit of alternative political system, when capitalism, parliamentary system and neo-liberalism have all failed practically. Not the left only, but the bourgeois intellectuals also have been writing this. It is of course an opportune time to create a strong wave of revolutionary struggle all across the world. It demands hard work on the part of genuine revolutionaries.

We are celebrating Marx’s bicentenary this year. The responsibility of a revolutionary is not fulfilled by placing a garland in Marx’s portrait and paying homage of one minute silence in his reverence. 

So, in the given situation, the responsibility of a revolutionary communist has become to strive for building Maoist parties where they don’t exist, engage in revolutionary class struggle where they exist, prepare to build an international unity among Maoist revolutionaries on the basis of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and work hard to create a front of anti-imperialist struggle all over the world. This and only this will be an actual celebration of Marx’s bicentenary and a high regard towards him.


Protracted People's War or Unified Peoples War ? by Harsh Thakor

Democracy and Class Struggle says this post by Harsh Thakor raises the important question of the classic Protracted People's War of Mao Zedong and questions whether Chairman Gonzalo revised and updated that theory in the spirit of Maoism or gave it a revisionist twist which would in all probability be the view of Comrade Sison.

We would appreciate views of comrades on this question.


Below I am re-producing some excerpts of a document of Red Guards Los Angeles on Summation of 4 years preparatory work for building Protracted Peoples War

I have posted the parts on Chairman Gonzalo's thesis and innovations on PPW  concept.

Chairman Gonzalo merged insurrection and PPW together by calling for armed actions in cities differing from the application of the theory by Mao in China.

Crucial this phenomena is analyzed in depth otherwise it could lead to disastrous consequences and lead to Urban putchism by Maoists in India or Philippines.

Comrade Joma Sison was emphatically critical of armed actions in cities.

Still we have to understand the complexities of Asia and Latin America with more and more Neo-colonial infiltration and urban population doubling, like in Brazil.

Globalization has changed the conventional semi-feudalism of the days of China in the 1940's even in India.

Thus need to develop a PPW concept in accordance to the socio-economic or socio-poitical conditions of today under neo-liberalism


There is one area in which Red Guards Los Angles  is beginning to struggle over. Chairman Gonzalo's application of Maoism to Peru came in the form of the Party’s Guiding Thought, Gonzalo Thought. 

Located inside the Peruvian Guiding Thought contained the theorization of the application of PPW in the capitalist center of Lima and urban cities with a principal component in the countryside - similar yet different from Mao's application of People's War in China. 

Mao argued for organizing in the countryside and encircling the cities. Gonzalo, of course, argued for that but with the advancement of an infiltrated and integrated component within the cities to carry out armed Party actions. Support bases would be built in the Party-controlled countryside. 

But in the city Party Fronts would be the principal form of organizing, working in unison with countryside bases for the coordinated bombardment against the cities in the final blows to the weakened bourgeois state. 

It is theorized by the Communist Party of India (Maoist), as well as others, that this insurrection occurs in the final stage of PPW, its strategic offensive. 

However, history has shown rolling attacks inside urban centers throughout revolutions, including People's Wars, have been effective - such as in the case of Vietnam.

Not a lot has been made public on the theorization of PPW in the capitalist-imperialist centers or on Unified People's War. 

Although the PCP's own writings puts this squarely, particularly, in Gonzalo Thought and not generally in the universal tenants of Maoism proper, we can see a universality of this application of PPW to fully developed capitalist countries with rural or countryside-like conditions like the vastness of U.S., Canada, Mexico, Central America, Brazil, and hundreds if not thousands others. 

We are hard-pressed to think of a fully- developed vast capitalist country on earth where Unified People's War is not applicable.

The PCP's General Political Line, specifically the Military Line, lays out Unified People's War as it was applied in Peru, borrowing - or synthesizing - from the International Communist Movement throughout history:Furthermore, Chairman Gonzalo specifies that in the cities armed actions should be carried forward as a complement, since international experience, as well as our own, demonstrates that this is feasible. 

He draws lessons, for example, from what happened to the guerrillas in the Philippines which recast themselves in the countryside and left the cities quiet, especially the capital, resulting in the isolation of the guerrillas. 

In Brazil, the revolutionaries also carried out armed actions in the countryside and city, only they neglected to specify which was principal. In Vietnam, important armed actions were carried out in the cities. 

Thus, taking into account the peculiarities of the cities in Latin America, where the percentage of the proletariat and of the poor masses in the cities is high , the masses are ready to develop actions complementing those in the countryside. 

In the cities, however, the New Power or Support Bases are not being built, rather the Front is solidified through the Revolutionary Defense Movement of the People (MRDP) with Resistance Centers that carry out the People’s War and prepare the future insurrection, which will occur when the forces of the countryside assault the cities in combination with the insurrection from within.Where does the countryside exist as the most populated area of the peasants and masses?

In the world, approximately 51 percent of the population lives in the cities - even in China more people now live in the cities - approximately

The CPI (Maoist), or at very least its precursors who would go on to merge into the Party, are influenced by the PCP

- especially in the urban setting:The situation of the urban poor in the slums and poor localities is worsening continuously. The slum population of India today stands at 4.1 cores, spread in 607 towns. The largest mega city, Mumbai, has 49% of its population in the slums.

 Our Party has so far paid limited attention to the organizing of this section. 

Other revolutionary parties, particularly the Peru Communist Party (PCP) have been particularly successful in this respect. In fact the shanty towns of Lima have been the strongholds of the revolutionaries for a long period. 

We too should work at creating such strongholds in India's major cities.In short, the CPI (Maoist)'s application of PPW to India is Unified People's War. 

What Presidente Gonzalo theorized has been carried out and applied or more correctly, like any universality, it has been discovered by those paying keen attention to their material reality, such as revolutionary Marxists.

The era of organizing a People's Army exclusively in the countryside with bases of support encircling and then taking over the cities is gone. 

We repeat for the anticipation of misreadings and criticisms built on misreadings: we argue that building exclusively in the countryside is obsolete, but instead building bases in the countryside in combination with forging bases, albeit of a different form, in urban centers. 

We are in the era of proletarian revolution, of decaying capitalism,imperialism, and of national liberation struggles. 

Unified People's War answers the Maoist question as to how PPW would look like in a capitalist country. It is not an insurrectionist war and it is not an exclusively rural and countryside war.


Unified peoples war is an eclectical concept distorting the original thesis of Chairman Mao on Protracted Peoples War and merges PPW with insurrection.

This was Chairman Gonzalo's formulation related to concept of militarization of the party. 

Erroneously the PCP and Chairman Gonzalo upheld   concept of Protracted Peoples War as a  Universal concept and that the Russian Revolution was a part of Peoples War.

The CCP had propounded concept of Protracted Peoples War only for liberating the 3rd world countries where condition existed similar to China evaluating the terrain.

In cities of America or Europe there are no mountains or forest areas for a Red Army to launch a peoples war and state machinery is too fortified for the cities to be encircled.

The capitalist model of production and bourgeois parliament do not facilitate it.

In such areas there are no avenues for the peoples army to retreat and camouflage themselves.

Erroneosuly PCP and Gonzalo equated the armed struggles in Serbia or Ireland as protracted peoples war.

Even if insurrection may not be deployed in developed countries in the classical sense as by the Bolshevik's in Russia a century ago the military strategy will be far closer to the Russian than the Chinese path. 

I cannot reconcile the Gonzalite view that the Russian revolution practiced path of  of peoples war and feel October Road had a distinct path. 

For DCS contrary view

This view is still endorsed by many trends within the International Maoist Camp and intellectuals like RCP-Canada, RGA Austin, Joshua  Moufawad Paul and Nicholas Glais of Democracy and Class Struggle.

Certain aspects of Maoist military theory can be incorporated in armed struggles even in developed countries with its laws being universal but that does not imply the  universality of PPW. 

I still mantain that basically PPW is applicable to semi-colonial countries and if errors occurred in practice in Nepal and Peru it was due to treading on insurrection path and deviating from PPW.

We have to credit Mao for giving the proletariat it's 1st military line which Marx and Lenin did not.

' Mao’s Thought 'has been put to the test by history and practice but lets give time to see if Gonzaloism is universally applicable,

Where or which countries have reached socialist revolution with Gonzalo’s strategy?  There is Philippine, Nepal, India where there are PPW but it have leaded to negotiate reforms until now.... nowhere prolétariat have reached power with Gonzalo’s strategy.(Mario Labbe)

Chairman Gonzalo claimed that it was Chairman Mao who gave the proletariat it's first international line.

With regard to certain respect it was right.

Quoting Joma Sison”.

Even before Mao became a communist, Lenin had already set the politico-military line to turn the imperialist war into a revolutionary civil war. 

The great politico-military victories of the proletarian its revolutionary in close connection with inter-imperialist wars. Lenin and the Bolsheviks gave clear and correct direction to the process of seizing power in Russia. 

They directed the penetration of the Tsarist army by Bolshevik cadres, the insurrections to seize power in Petrograd, major cities and trunk lines and the revolutionary war in the countryside in the extended civil war and in the war against foreign intervention. 

At the same time, we credit Mao for the victorious strategic line of PPW in a semicolonial and semifeudal country for taking advantage of its chronic crisis and the availing of the peasant majority and the country for growing the people's army from small and weak to big and powerful, capable of defending a people's government of workers and peasants.(Joma Sison)

The view that PPW strategy cannot be applied in Imperialist countries is upheld by Communist Part of Philippines, C.P.I.(Maoist) and the Mass Proletariat group U.S.A.

Protracted People’s War (PPW) has been promoted as a universal strategy for revolution in recent years despite the fact that this directly contradicts Mao’s conclusions in his writing on revolutionary strategy. 

Mao emphasized PPW was possible in China because of the semi-feudal nature of Chinese society, and because of antagonistic divisions within the white regime which encircled the red base areas. 

Basic analysis shows that the strategy cannot be practically applied in the U.S. or other imperialist countries. 

Despite this, advocates for the universality of PPW claim that support for their thesis is a central principle of Maoism. 

In this document we refute these claims, and outline a revolutionary strategy.

In our view, confusion on foundational questions of revolutionary strategy, and lack of familiarity with Mao’s writings on the actual strategy of PPW, has led to the growth of dogmatic and ultra-“left” tendencies within the U.S. Maoist movement. 

Some are unaware of the nature of the struggle in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) against Wang Ming, Li Lisan, and other dogmatists. 

As a result, they conflate Mao’s critique of an insurrectionary strategy in China with a critique of insurrection as a strategy for revolution in general. 

Some advocate for the formation of base areas and for guerrilla warfare in imperialist countries, while others negate PPW as a concrete revolutionary strategy, reducing it to an abstract generality or a label for focoist armed struggle. 

Many have also uncritically accepted everything Gonzalo—the imprisoned chairman of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP)—ever said. 

Others are negatively influenced by the petty-bourgeois adventurism of the Revolutionary Communist Party of Canada’s (PCR-RCP) early documents.(Mass Proletariat document on strategy of PPW)

Mao was absolutely clear that protracted people's war, especially building a people's army from small and weak to big and strong over time, is possible only in semi colonial and semi feufal countries because of their chronic crisis and their wide physical and social terrain (countryside and peasantry) for guerrilla warfare to develop into a regular mobile warfare.(Joma Sison)

In fact today with the intervention of globalisation production relations are very complex with imperialism and capitalism operating and influencing feudalism in 3rd world countries on a much greater scale. .

Arguably protracted peoples war cannot copy the Chinese path classically even if there are strong similarities.

The neo-colonial influence of capital is far greater today on the 3rd world than it was in the days of China in the 1940's.

Development of computer technology and automation in the 3rd world is also a very significant factor. Even if still semi-feudal and semi-colonial they have different characteristics from China of the 1940’s.

PPW will have to developed in a form suitable to the concrete situation in the aftermath of globalisation. 

Significant that successful  peoples wars in  Vietnam or Angola did not practice Maoist path in toto , nor did the successful  revolutions n Nicaragua and Cuba or the JVP uprisng in Sri Lanka

Insurrection also cannot be applied in it's classical form and only emulate the Russian Road.

Today there have been vast changes in the infrastructure and political superstructure of the imperialist countries.

There us far more developed security system.much more developed parliamentary democracy, proletariat further dispersed because of globalization and greater disparity between white workers and those of 3rd world countries in Imperialist countries like Afro-Americans,Latinos and Asian population.

In Canada certain comrades  criticize the PCR-RCP for arguing that the conditions of the imperialist state has changed and now requires a protracted war, and they criticize it, though the entire history of communism in Canada has materially disproved it at this point. in 1918-19 we had an October Road style attempt at revolution that was lacking in its subjective elements to actually win - it definitely could have though. 

The Communist Party that grew out of that saw, and was through its contradiction the reason for, the greatest expansion of state repression. The October road will not work here at this point.(Nick Marlatte)

We have to remember that however defective insurrection theory has been in semi-colonial societies attempts to launch protracted peoples war have been crushed in recent years. 

Nepal in 1996 came closest to emulating Peruvian example under Prachanda and was on the verge of victory before the compromise of Prachanda for sharing power with the Nepalese monarch state. 

In the case of the PPW in Nepal had in fact not "completed its military aim of placing the Maoists in power", rather, the party entered into the peace process for the very reason that it could not win militarily at that juncture. 

Indeed, there had been an effective military stalemate with the party controlling the countryside, but unable to capture any major cities (effectively negating a significant aspect of the encirclement tactic which is to starve the urban centres). 

Thus, at the time of the strategic offensive the CPN(Maoist) found that it could not capture the cities by the PLA nor did not it have the urban forces to carry out the last stage of the PPW which is in fact insurrection. (Assesment of Nepal by Dhruv Jain)

We have to assess why no successful Maoist peoples war has been launched in the world after 1949 in spite of peoples wars been carried out in countries worldwide from the 1960's .

Nor did Maoism sufficiently influence the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa or struggle for liberation of Palestine or anti-colonial struggles in Africa.

In fact countries like Cuba and Nicaragua succeeded who did not apply the Maoist model.In India the Maoist movement is based in the tribal forests regions  has failed to penetrate the plain areas or make inroads in the urban areas amongst the working class.

In Philippines and India in spite of rectification of deviations of leftist deviations the revolution is not on verge of victory.In India arguably in many areas subjective factors are still lacking to practice PPW.

With it's great diversity and a much stronger parliamentary system  in India unlike China before 1950  many guerilla zones would have to be simultaneously built .

In fact in all third world countries a a much stronger parliamentary democratic infrastructure has been built with the intelligence systems infiltrating some forest areas .

Nor are the landlords in modern third world countries like the Chinese warlords with land relations much more influenced by imperialism or capitalism.

Nevertheless important similarities exist in terms of geographical terrain like, mountains, forests and plateaus.

In countries of Latin America like Argentina, Chile , Brazil the urban population far exceeds the rural population but still the mode of production is still predominantly semi-feudal.

However their geographic characteristics significantly differ from China and thus a particular from or revolutionary warfare has to be developed combining the upheavals of the workers in the cities with the peasantry and red Indians in the plains. and forests. e.

A new form of peoples war has to be developed for the neo colonial,principally urban based Latin  American countries with large sections of peasantry' virtually forced to migrate to cities because of being landless.

The ruling classes in India were given enough time to replenish their forces, disrupt the revolutionary movement and corrupt a section of vocal population by the so-called parliamentary or "Panchayati Raj" system (as a part of creating a network of middlemen and imposed dependence of the people on them). 

The unusual national/ethnic,religious and social diversity of India and the resultant divisions in the Indian society, especially the social divisions owing to the pernicious caste-system, had been a perennial feature responsible for complicating the process of revolutionary transformation of Indian society. 

The ruling classes were given enough time to manipulate and aggravate such divisions to the detriment of the revolutionary unity and class struggles of the Indian people.

Lastly, one should not underestimate the fact that the ruling classes are armed to the teeth while the revolutionary forces have to proceed from elementary levels on both the planes - political-organisational as well as military.

These are some of the disadvantages resulting from a delayed revolution in India. (D.V.Rao Basic documents in 1972)

Today the strongest architect of the mass line in PPW  is the Communist Party of Philippines that has been leading an armed struggle for over 4 decades and initiated a major rectification campaign 30 years ago,. 

It opposes concept of personality cult and placed great stress on building the united front of mass organizations and urban work.

It does not refrain from deploying extra-parliamentary tactics on building a broader democratic front with non communist forces.

Although conducting negotiations with the ruling Duterte regime it was done for purely tactical reasons.As often misunderstood by revolutionaries Sison did not morally call off the peoples war but only temporarily called for a truce.


I feel we have to morally defend 'Gonzalo thought' even if they are strongly sectarian.

Even if he made gross errors we have to recognize the positive achievements of the PCP and  Chairman Gonzalo of being 70% correct.

All the Communist parties of the world could learn from the great strides and serious mistakes of the PCP.

I agree with Comrade Steve Otto who feels in the main we should defend the 'Gonazaloites.'

I hope all cadres read the selected works of the Communist Party of Peru published by Red Spark and refer to the posts in blog Democracy and Class Struggle on contribution of Gonzalo and PCP.

I do not accept that strategy of protracted peoples War is universal but I maintain that nor is insurrection of the Russian road necessarily the path of Imperialist countries.

The Military line of Mao cannot be just duplicated and developed into another form in accordance to the variance in conditions even in 3rd world countries and arguably there could be a peoples war applying Mao's thought of a completely different type from the Chinese revolution in the imperialist countries.



Democracy and Class Struggle upholds the Universality of Protracted Peoples War unlike Comrade Thakor and Comrade Sison but we do not see it being implemented worldwide in the classic way but it has to take account of national and local particularities - in fact the universal theory becomes more powerful the more particularities are taken account of in the implementation of Protracted People's War.

On Comrade Harsh's view of the Nepalese debacle we disagree strongly with the Dhruv Jain view that Kathmandu could not have been captured with an urban insurrection supported by a PLA assault and all the information we have to date of existence of revolutionary armed forces in Kathmandu support that conclusion - it was the revisionist leadership that pulled back from the assault on Kathmandu for politically opportuntistic reasons 

For a Strategy for Protracted People's War in an advanced Industrial Country - Italy we call on you to read


Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Marzieh Hashemi : News Anchor From Iranian TV Station Arrested in USA With No Charges

Democracy and Class Struggle is a critic of the Iranian Government and wish for a secular anti imperialist Government in Iran but we think this action by the United States in the Marzieh Hashemi case is a political provocation.

The United States Foreign Policy under Trump and Bolton resembles a Kidnap and Ransom mob policy rather than Statecraft,

China has provided Canada with a warning where such a policy will lead - do not expect the Iranians  to turn the other cheek.

When you open the gates of hell do not be surprised what comes out.

Lenin-Liebknecht-Luxemburg Demonstration - Red Salute


India: The impending arrest of Anand Teltumbde : Shameful and Shocking Moment in Indian History - Silencing the Dalits

Democracy and Class Struggle says Anand Teltumbde is one of the most important public intellectuals of India. 

Our emotions are between outrage and sadness that the Indian Government  should seek to punish its best thinking sons.

His books on Ambedkar’s Mahad Satyagraha, the Khairlanji massacre, and, most recently, Republic of Caste are vital and indispensable reading. 

He has been a teacher on relationship between caste and class for Democracy and Class Struggle and has exposed the weakness of the Communist Movement in India on this Question of Caste and Class.

To arrest him is to try and silence a powerful and unique Dalit voice with an unimpeachable intellectual track record. 

His impending arrest cannot but be seen as a political act. 

It will be a shameful and shocking moment in our history.

Source Scroll

UK Brexit Vote Reflects a Deep Crisis in Capitalism



Crisis in the British State - Welsh Opportunity

In 2016 we presented our Democracy and Class Struggle position on the European Union

Any real Welsh National Movement would be calling for a Welsh  Independence Declaration from the British State today - just as people in British Isles declared independence from the European Union.

Given the servility of the representatives of that extension of the British State in Wales in the Welsh Assembly that is not likely to happen.

However we make the call  because for us politics is not just the Bismarkian politics of the bourgeois possibilities but we must open up proletarian ones.

Because for the bourgeoisie politics of socialism is impossible.

We call for genuine socialists and nationalists to seek support and call for Welsh Independence - with the passing of precursor legislation to create a Public Welsh Banking System, A Welsh Land Commission and A Welsh Water Act.

Crisis in the British State - A Welsh Opportunity 

Combat Liberalism - No to the Neo Liberal European Union by Nickglais

"People who are liberals look upon the principles of Marxism as abstract dogma.

 They approve of Marxism, but are not prepared to practice it or to practice it in full; they are not prepared to replace their liberalism by Marxism. 

These people have their Marxism, but they have their liberalism as well--they talk Marxism but practice liberalism "

Mao Zedong - Combat Liberalism

The debate In UK over the European Union and Brexit reveals a profound gulf between Liberal Social Democrats and Revolutionary Marxists over both the class and national questions that arise over the question of UK Brexit.

The entire European Union Project from its inception was based upon a commitment to free market liberalism and of late neo liberalism.

The EU  had a slight detour a few decades ago when Jacques Delors talked of a Social Europe but that has ended as quickly as it started with Delors being responsible for introducing neo liberal privatisation into French political life.

Socialism as an idea is inimical to the common market and market ideology which is central to the European Project whether the ideology is expressed in the European Commission, The European Court of Justice or the European Central Bank.

International Labour rights were established by working class militant struggle and codified by the United Nations International Labour Organisation.

The European Union has found its recent anti working class labour rights judgements pronounced in the European Court of Justice in conflict with the United Nations International Labour  Organisation

The European Court of Human Rights which is not an EU organisation but organised by the Council of Europe  is also  in conflict with the neo liberal  EU European Court of Court of Justice on human  rights

It is clear even to the blind which class the EU institutions represent after years of liberal and neo liberal practice.

So why does the erratic Marxist ? ( Liberal Social Democrat)  Yanis Varoufakis who says in his interview with Owen Jones  he likes Marx's liberalism ! and not his science go along with Paul Mason and of course the new flip flopper Jeremy Corbyn to announce a desire for aReformed European Union.

It is not a reformable institution and only liberals would spread that big reformist lie about the European Union.

It is a highly structured bureaucracy where the European Commission decides what is legislated not the European Parliament It is a bureaucracy not a democracy.

It cannot be reasoned away the Varoufakis way.

From a class point of view we need to smash the neo liberal European Union and the class it represents in Europe and free our class from its austerity and legal constraints.

Now we come to the National Question and the European Union.

We should not support British Nationalists like Nigel Farage, George Galloway and the Tories Brexit scum of Boris the Bastard and Ian Duncan Smith.

We should expose British Nationalism and stand up for democracy for all the nations of the British Isles, Scotland, England,Wales, Kernow and Manxx, we should call for democratic self determination upto and including separation from the British State.

It should also be noted that the Tory opposition does not represent a British national bourgeoisie that we can ally with - it is a faction of the Finance Capitalists that want less regulation on the Banks and City of London represented by City Slicker Boris the Bastard.

The contradictions within the finance capitalist class in the City of London with Osborne representing one faction along with Cameron and Boris the Bastard and City scum Farage representing another should be welcomed - we should study and expose their internecine fighting.

There can be no joint platform with our class and national enemy in the UK or left cover being given to Boris and Farage's anti EU positions which is precisely what Galloway is providing - even saying Farage is no racist.

Therefore in summary

(a) Our class position is not to just oppose the neoliberal European State but to smash it.

(b) Our position on the national question is to expose British Nationalism and support self determination and democracy for the all the nations of these islands.

(c) Given that the capitalist class in British Isles and particularly its finance capitalists are divided on this Brexit issue we should exploit the divisions and not unite with them under any circumstances.

Both factions are our enemies and are inimical to the interests of the working people of these islands.

We must call for the smashing of the British State just like we call for the smashing of the European superstate as both  represent our class enemies.

Given that we have just celebrated Lenin's Birthday on 22nd April let us look at the Question posed in 1915 by Lenin in his polemic with Trotsky who supported the United States of Europe slogan and its relevance today.

Lenin wrote

"Of course, temporary agreements are possible between capitalists and between states. In this sense a United States of Europe is possible as an agreement between the European capitalists ... but to what end?"

Lenin's answer was

" Only for the purpose of jointly suppressing socialism in Europe, of jointly protecting colonial booty against Japan and America, who have been badly done out of their share by the present partition of colonies"

Trotsky disagreed with Lenin in 1915 and and again in 1923 repeats

“The United States of Europe”, is a slogan in every respect corresponding with the slogan “A Workers’, (or Workers’, and Peasants’, Government”. ( shades of Varoufakis and Owen Jones)

History has a way of clarifying the past as well as the present - the road of Lenin and anti imperialist revolution or the road of Trotsky and the revisionist swamp and liberalism,




A United States of Europe, under capitalism, is either impossible or reactionary - VI Lenin


Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Theresa May's Brexit deal crushed, Corbyn calls for no confidence vote

Any real Welsh National Movement would be calling for a Welsh  Independence Declaration from the British State today - just as people in British Isles declared independence from the European Union.

Given the servility of the representatives of that extension of the British State in Wales in the Welsh Assembly that is not likely to happen.

However we make the call  because for us politics is not just the Bismarkian politics of the bourgeois possibilities but we must open up proletarian ones.

Because for the bourgeoisie politics of socialism is impossible.

We call for genuine socialists and nationalists to seek support and call for Welsh Independence - with the passing of precursor legislation to create a Public Welsh Banking System, A Welsh Land Commission and A Welsh Water Act.

Crisis in the British State - A Welsh Opportunity 

Remembering Rosa Luxemburg - Auf, auf zum Kampf zum Kampf

15th January 1919 Rosa Luxemburg was murdered and left this world but never left the hearts and minds of the working class

Auf, auf zum Kampf zum Kampf
Zum Kampf sind wir geboren
Auf, auf zum Kampf zum Kampf
Zum Kampf sind wir bereit
Dem Karl Liebknecht dem haben wirs geschworen
Der Rosa Luxemburg reichen wir die Hand
Dem Karl Liebknecht dem haben wirs geschworen
Der Rosa Luxemburg reichen wir die Hand

Es steht ein Mann ein Mann
So fest wie eine Eiche
Er hat gewiss, gewiss
Schon manchen Sturm erlebt
Vielleicht ist er
Schon morgen eine Leiche
Wie es so vielen
Freiheitskämpfern geht
Vielleicht ist er
Schon morgen eine Leiche
Wie es so vielen
Freiheitskämpfern geht

Wir fürchten nicht, ja nicht
Den Donner der Kanonen
Wir fürchten nicht, ja nicht
Die grüne Polizei
Den Karl Liebknecht den haben wir verloren
Die Rosa Luxemburg fiel durch Mörder Hand
Den Karl Liebknecht den haben wir verloren
Die Rosa Luxemburg fiel durch Mörder Hand

Auf, auf zum Kampf zum Kampf
Zum Kampf sind wir geboren
Auf, auf zum Kampf zum Kampf
Zum Kampf sind wir bereit
Dem Karl Liebknecht dem haben wirs geschworen
Der Rosa Luxemburg reichen wir die Hand
Dem Karl Liebknecht dem haben wirs geschworen
Der Rosa Luxemburg reichen wir die Hand

Western Media Seeks to Cast Spell on Russia! Believes Dissolution of Country is Imminent !

A small New Year's card from Washington could've remained unnoticed, but because it was published by The Hill, the biggest paper that writes for and about the US Congress, the message could hardly be ignored.

Managing Russia's Dissolution: an article by political analyst Janusz Bugajski.

Democracy and Class Struggle says how this crap is still recycled by United States shows that self deception rules the roost in all things Russian in the USA.

NKVD General Lyushkov's Defection to Japan - Key Documents

Democracy and Class Struggle first learnt about these documents in the Japanese Archives from Robert W Thurston's Life and Terror in Stalin's  Russia 1934 - 1941 it led us into an investigation of the Russian Fascist Movement in Harbin and Russian Trotskyist Movement in Soviet Far East.

NKVD General Lyushkov's defection was the highest ranking Soviet defector at the time of his defection in 1938.

Several Japanese remembered that Lyushkov originally said he was a trotskyite or conveyed the ideology - Lyushkov stressed that Trotskyite ideology was required to convert the Russian People and cause them to lose respect for Stalinism.

After settling in Tokyo Lyushkov moved from Trotskyism to Liberalism according to his Japanese captors reverting ocassionally to "pure" Leninism..

We think that these non Soviet Documents provide powerful evidence of anti Soviet Military conspiracies in Soviet Far East in prelude to Second World War and the fact that Lyushkov identified himself as a Trotskyist to his Japanese interrogators speaks volumes about Trotskyism in Russian Far East..

We urge you to carefully study these documents - if the links work please leave us a message




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